GOAT MILK

Why is goat milk so beneficial?

  • Compared to cow milk, goat milk is much easier to digest thanks to its different composition and structure of the fat, which is close to the structure of the fat in breast milk;
  • it contains oligosaccharides of similar composition as oligosaccharides in breast milk which work in the intestines as probiotics aiding the growth of probiotic micro flora, and mainly bifidobacteria – they aid digestion, absorption of minerals necessary for growth and overall immunity of an organism;
  • compared to cow milk, goat milk contains a very small share of αs1-casein and relatively higher portion of ß­-casein, which brings it closer to the breast milk than cow milk and also lowers the risk of developing intolerance to animal proteins;
  • goat milk shows anti-inflammatory effects and strengthens the immune system.

The goat milk contained in Goat cereals is fortified, which means that it has been completed with components that unaltered goat milk is missing – i.e. vitamin B12, folic acid and iron, all in the amount corresponding to the recommended daily doses necessary for infants and small children.

Difference between cow and goat milk

The main difference between cow and goat milk lies mainly in the different protein profile which corresponds to different immunity reactions of a body after oral consumption. The varying results of studies can be put in connection with the varying value of αs1-casein, varying depending on the type of goat variety and type of feed. Not all goat milks contain a very small level of αs1-casein and therefore, the intensity of an allergic reaction can vary [1].

Regarding digestion, the low αs1-casein content in goat milk leads to formation of softer chyme during the digestion processes [2] and can ensure easier degradation of ß-lactoglobulin [3]. Also this phenomenon can be a key factor of the low potential of allergic reactions caused by proteins of cow milk. Goat milk contains similar amount of ß-lactoglobulin as cow milk, but ß-lactoglobulin present in goat milk is much easier to digest than the one from cow milk, which leads to much less protein residuum remaining in the intestines after digesting enzymes [4] when consuming goat milk.

Compared to cow milk, goat milk contains a very small share of αs1-casein and a relatively high portion of β-casein; that brings the casein profile of goat milk much closer to breast milk.

Casein profile chart of breast, goat and cow milk

In the case of individuals at risk for an allergy to animal protein, it is always necessary to follow the recommendations of ESPGHAN and ESPACI. However, due to the fact that not even special baby formulas designed for nourishment of infants with a risk of food allergy (intolerance of cow protein) are not always without any risk (approximately 10 % of infants manifest allergic reaction to cow proteins [5], [6] even when given HA formulas), goat milk-based baby cereals can find its place in nutrition of infants and small children at risk for food allergies while abiding by all standard procedures.

Reference:
[1] Prosser C (2004). Characteristics and benefits of goat milk as a base for infant formula. Paper presented at the Korean Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Conference, Seoul, Korea, April 2004.
[2] Clark S & Sherbon JW (2000). Alphas1-casein, milk composition and coagulation properties of goat milk. Small Ruminant Research 2000, 38:123-134.
[3] Bevilacqua C et al (2001). Goats’ milk of defective alpha(s1)-casein genotype decreases intestinal and systemic sensitisation to beta-lactoglobulin in guinea pigs. Journal of Dairy Research, 68:217-227.
[4] Prosser C et al (2003). Digestion of milk proteins from cow or goat milk infant formula. Poster paper presented at the 11th Asian Congress of Paediatrics, Bangkok, Thailand, 2-7 November 2003.
[5] Frühauf P., Pediatr. pro Praxi, 2006; 3: 150-152.
[6] Schwartz RH, Amonette MS, Mattson L, Peers LB, Witherly SA.,J Allergy Clin Immunol 1992; 89 (Part 2).

Warning: Breast milk is an ideal nutrition for an infant. A physician or a person qualified in the field of nutrition, pharmacy or mother and child care should recommend the introduction of dairy to your infant. 

The goat milk contained in the Goat cereals can, at first, lead to looser stool, which is natural. However, this should normalize within 2 – 3 days.

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